Unique risk and protective factors for partner aggression in a large scale air force survey

Amy M Smith Slep, Heather M. Foran, Richard E. Heyman, Jeffery D. Snarr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The objective of this study is to examine risk factors of physical aggression against a partner in a large representative Active Duty Air Force sample. A stratified sample of 128,950 United States Active Duty members were invited to participate in an Air Force-wide anonymous online survey across 82 bases. The final sample (N = 52,780) was weighted to be representative of the United States Air Force. Backward stepwise regression analyses were conducted to identify unique predictors of partner physical aggression perpetration within and across different ecological levels (individual, family, organization, and community levels). Relationship satisfaction, alcohol problems, financial stress, and number of years in the military were identified as unique predictors of men's and women's perpetration of violence against their partner across ecological levels. Parental status, support from neighbors, personal coping, and support from formal agencies also uniquely predicted men's but not women's perpetration of violence across ecological levels. This study identified specific risk factors of partner violence that may be targeted by prevention and intervention efforts aimed at different levels of impact (e.g.; family interventions, community-wide programs).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)375-383
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Community Health
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 2010


  • Air Force
  • Ecological levels
  • Intimate partner violence
  • Partner aggression
  • Risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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