Universal growth law for knot energy of Faddeev type in general dimensions

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The presence of a fractional-exponent growth law relating knot energy and knot topology is known to be an essential characteristic for the existence of ‘ideal’ knots. In this paper, we show that the energy infimum EN stratified at the Hopf charge N of the knot energy of the Faddeev type induced from the Hopf fibration Embedded Image(n≥1) in general dimensions obeys the sharp fractional-exponent growth law Embedded Image, where the exponent p is universally rendered as Embedded Image, which is independent of the detailed fine structure of the knot energy but determined completely by the dimensions of the domain and range spaces of the field configuration maps.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2741-2757
Number of pages17
JournalProceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
Issue number2098
StatePublished - Oct 8 2008


  • Energy-topology growth laws
  • Hopf fibration
  • Hopf invariant
  • Ideal knots
  • Knot energy
  • Sobolev inequalities

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Mathematics
  • General Engineering
  • General Physics and Astronomy


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