Universal precautions: An update

R. R.M. Gershon, C. Karkashian, S. Felknor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Universal precautions, the set of work practice recommendations designed to help minimize occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens, have been shown to be effective. However, lack of compliance with these recommendations has been well documented, both before and after the enactment of the OSHA Bloodborne Pathogens Standard. Current issues, including occupationally acquired human immunodeficiency virus, percutaneous exposures and lack of compliance are discussed in this article.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)352-358
Number of pages7
JournalHeart and Lung: Journal of Critical Care
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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