We examine the impact of school violence on immigrant populations internationally. To do so we apply three-level models to 2007 TIMSS data to investigate the extent to which immigrant students are affected by school violence, and whether school- and educational-system levels of immigration and violence are related to achievement. We find that, despite some variability across education systems around the world, a persistent pattern emerged: immigrant students are differentially affected by violence. School climate is associated with immigrants' outcomes in most educational systems. We discuss policy-relevant implications for academic achievement in an increasingly globalized world.
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