Upper-limb Geometric MyoPassivity Map for Physical Human-Robot Interaction

Xingyuan Zhou, Peter Paik, S. Farokh Atashzar

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


The intrinsic biomechanical characteristic of the human upper limb plays a central role in absorbing the interactive energy during physical human-robot interaction (pHRI). We have recently shown that based on the concept of 'Excess of Passivity (EoP),' from nonlinear control theory, it is possible to decode such energetic behavior for both upper and lower limbs [1], [2]. The extracted knowledge can be used in the design of controllers (such as [2]-[5]) for optimizing the transparency and fidelity of force fields in human-robot interaction and in haptic systems. In this paper, for the first time, we investigate the frequency behavior of the passivity map for the upper limb when the muscle co-activation was controlled in real- time through visual electromyographic feedback. Five healthy subjects (age: 27±5) were included in this study. The energetic behavior was evaluated at two stimulation frequencies at eight interaction directions over two controlled muscle co-activation levels. Electromyography (EMG) was captured using the Delsys Wireless Trigno system. Results showed a correlation between EMG and EoP, which was further amplified by decreasing the frequency. The proposed energetic behavior is named the Geometric MyoPassivity (GMP) map. The findings indicate that the GMP map has the potential to be used in real-time to quantify the absorbable energy, thus passivity margin of stability for upper limb interaction during pHRI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings - ICRA 2023
Subtitle of host publicationIEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9798350323658
StatePublished - 2023
Event2023 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, ICRA 2023 - London, United Kingdom
Duration: May 29 2023Jun 2 2023

Publication series

NameProceedings - IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation
ISSN (Print)1050-4729


Conference2023 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, ICRA 2023
Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Artificial Intelligence


Dive into the research topics of 'Upper-limb Geometric MyoPassivity Map for Physical Human-Robot Interaction'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this