Urban Environmental Quality: Perceptions and Measures

R. P. Lejano

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Urban environmental problems are driven by congestion (of people, industries, and vehicles). To some extent, these stressors can be assessed using metrics derived from analytical chemistry or land use/demographic planning. However, this analytic approach to describe environmental quality leaves out other, incommensurable dimensions of quality of life. For example, stress levels and chronic disease prevalence are, to a large extent, unmeasured. Furthermore, environmental risks result from the intersection of physical phenomena with social and economic vulnerability. This is illustrated using a case study involving the location of a major sanitary landfill next to a community. There is a need to combine traditional, quantitative metrics with other, more qualitative indicators. There is also a need for more integrative ways of describing environmental quality. Future research should provide more comprehensive, socioecological models for measuring quality of life and environmental stress in urban systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Environmental Health
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)9780444522726
StatePublished - Jan 1 2011


  • Environmental perception
  • Environmental policy
  • Environmental quality
  • Impact assessments
  • Physical conditions
  • Qualitative assessment
  • Social ecology
  • Urban sustainability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Environmental Science


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