Urban environments favorable to radical narratives The case of El Puche

Manuel Moyano, Jocelyn J. Bélanger, Roberto M. Lobato, Humberto M. Trujillo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper aims to study the process of violent radicalization in El Puche, a marginal neighborhood of Spain with a high percentage of disenfranchised Muslims. Particularly, we explore whether this neighborhood exhibits the factors proposed by the 3N model of radicalization: needs, networks, and narratives. We present two studies in which we analyze these factors. In the first study, we compare needs and networks between Muslims (N=47) and Christians (N=45). In the second study, we analyze the interrelation of these factors in a sample of Muslims (N=111). We found that people’s association with radical networks mediates the relationship between the quest for significance and radical narratives. We conclude that need, network, and narrative are interconnected, and illustrate some of the dynamics that foster social exclusion and radicalization, leading to supporting violence in this type of urban environments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)361-382
Number of pages22
JournalPragmatics and Society
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 21 2022


  • 3N model of Radicalization
  • deprived context
  • legitimation of terrorism
  • narratives of terror
  • relative deprivation
  • social network

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language


Dive into the research topics of 'Urban environments favorable to radical narratives The case of El Puche'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this