Urban space consumption of cars and buses: an analytical approach

Mireia Roca-Riu, Monica Menendez, Igor Dakic, Samuel Buehler, Javier Ortigosa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Space is one of the most valuable assets in urban environments. Currently, many cities devote a significant amount of space to private, less sustainable modes of transport. Several attempts have been made to recover urban space for other purposes, e.g. pedestrians, low-speed residential areas, public modes of transport, or bike lanes. In this paper, we propose a new analytical methodology that quantifies the amount of space that cars and buses consume, assuming they both run on dedicated lanes. Compared to previous approaches, the proposed methodology provides a more precise assignment of the space, as it only accounts for the minimal space needed. Numerical results demonstrate how both modes compare for cities with different sizes, demands, and bus capacities. Finally, we show how the proposed methodology is used to find the critical parameters that ensure that the bus system is spatially more efficient than the car mode.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)237-263
Number of pages27
JournalTransportmetrica B
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2 2020

Keywords

  • Urban space
  • analytical approach
  • transport modes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Transportation

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