Use of functionalized WS2 nanotubes to produce new polystyrene/polymethylmethacrylate nanocomposites

W. Zhang, S. Ge, Y. Wang, M. H. Rafailovich, O. Dhez, D. A. Winesett, H. Ade, Kurikka V.P.M. Shafi, A. Ulman, R. Popovitz-Biro, R. Tenne, J. Sokolov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Multiwall WS2 nanotubes of 40-50 nm diameter were functionalized with n-octadecyl phosphonic acid by sonication in toluene and blended with mixtures of polystyrene (PS) and polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) to form new nanocomposite (NC) materials. The surface and domain structures were studied by atomic force microscopy (AFM), scanning transmission X-ray microscopy (STXM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) for various levels of loading of nanotubes up to 20 wt%. Phase-separated domain size and surface roughness of the nanocomposite films were found to be dramatically reduced relative to the pure homopolymer blend and good dispersal of the nanotubes in the blend matrix was attained.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2109-2115
Number of pages7
JournalPolymer
Volume44
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 7 2003

Keywords

  • Polymer composite materials
  • Polymer physics
  • Pure homopolymer blend

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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