Effectiveness of random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD), a technique using 1 10-base primer to amplify random segments of genomic DNA, and some of its possible uses were tested in the A + T-rich genome of Plasmodium falciparum. The best concentrations of MgCl2, 60% G+C primer, and DNA were determined to be 4.0 mM, 0.4 μM, and 90-180 ng/15 μl reaction, respectively. Use of 30% G+C primers did not allow amplification to occur. Application of RAPD to DNA of parent and progeny clones from a P. falciparum cross showed that polymorphisms identified in the parentals and tracked in the progeny were inherited in a Mendelian fashion and that RAPD-identified polymorphisms could be used as genetic markers. Some of these polymorphic markers were located on more than 1 chromosome, whereas others were specific for a single chromosome. Two of these markers, each located on chromosome 3 of 1 of the parental parasites, were missing from 2 of the 18 progeny, suggesting that deletions, or crossover events had occurred. RAPD markers also identified a higher number of nonparental-type progeny than expected, thus confirming previous observations for high genetic variability in malaria parasites.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics