User-Guided Segmentation of Multi-modality Medical Imaging Datasets with ITK-SNAP

Paul A. Yushkevich, Artem Pashchinskiy, Ipek Oguz, Suyash Mohan, J. Eric Schmitt, Joel M. Stein, Dženan Zukić, Jared Vicory, Matthew McCormick, Natalie Yushkevich, Nadav Schwartz, Yang Gao, Guido Gerig

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    ITK-SNAP is an interactive software tool for manual and semi-automatic segmentation of 3D medical images. This paper summarizes major new features added to ITK-SNAP over the last decade. The main focus of the paper is on new features that support semi-automatic segmentation of multi-modality imaging datasets, such as MRI scans acquired using different contrast mechanisms (e.g., T1, T2, FLAIR). The new functionality uses decision forest classifiers trained interactively by the user to transform multiple input image volumes into a foreground/background probability map; this map is then input as the data term to the active contour evolution algorithm, which yields regularized surface representations of the segmented objects of interest. The new functionality is evaluated in the context of high-grade and low-grade glioma segmentation by three expert neuroradiogists and a non-expert on a reference dataset from the MICCAI 2013 Multi-Modal Brain Tumor Segmentation Challenge (BRATS). The accuracy of semi-automatic segmentation is competitive with the top specialized brain tumor segmentation methods evaluated in the BRATS challenge, with most results obtained in ITK-SNAP being more accurate, relative to the BRATS reference manual segmentation, than the second-best performer in the BRATS challenge; and all results being more accurate than the fourth-best performer. Segmentation time is reduced over manual segmentation by 2.5 and 5 times, depending on the rater. Additional experiments in interactive placenta segmentation in 3D fetal ultrasound illustrate the generalizability of the new functionality to a different problem domain.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)83-102
    Number of pages20
    Issue number1
    StatePublished - Jan 1 2019


    • Gliomas
    • Image segmentation
    • MRI
    • Semi-automatic segmentation
    • Software

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Software
    • General Neuroscience
    • Information Systems


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