Using mHealth to Improve Communication in Adult Day Services Around the Needs of People With Dementia: Mixed Methods Assessment of Acceptability and Feasibility

Amy Zheng, Marissa Bergh, Komal Murali, Tina Sadarangani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Adult day services (ADS) provide community-based health care for older adults with complex chronic conditions but rely on outdated methods for communicating users’ health information with providers. CareMOBI, a novel mobile health (mHealth) app, was developed to address the need for a technological platform to improve bidirectional information exchange and communication between the ADS setting and providers. Objective: This study aims to examine the feasibility and acceptability of CareMOBI in the ADS setting. Methods: A concurrent-triangulation mixed methods design was used, and participants were client-facing ADS staff members, including direct care workers (paid caregivers), nurses, and social workers. Interviews were conducted to describe barriers and facilitators to the adoption of the CareMOBI app. The acceptability of the app was measured using an adapted version of the Technology Acceptance Model questionnaire. Data were integrated into 4 themes as anchors of an informational matrix: ease of use, clinical value, fit within workflow, and likelihood of adoption. Results: A mix of ADS staff (N=22) participated in the study. Participants reported high levels of acceptability across the 4 domains. Qualitative findings corroborated the questionnaire results; participants viewed the app as useful and were likely to implement CareMOBI in their practice. However, participants expressed a need for proper training and technical support throughout the implementation process. Conclusions: The CareMOBI app has the potential to improve care management in the ADS setting by promoting effective communication through an easy-to-use and portable method. While the integration of CareMOBI is acceptable and feasible, developing role-specific training modules and technical assistance programs is imperative for successful implementation within the ADS setting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalJMIR Formative Research
Volume8
DOIs
StatePublished - 2024

Keywords

  • acceptability
  • adult day services
  • care workers
  • caregiver
  • caregivers
  • CareMOBI
  • chronic condition
  • community-based
  • dementia
  • feasibility
  • health care
  • health communication
  • health information
  • mHealth
  • mixed methods design
  • mobile health
  • nurses
  • older adult
  • older adults
  • primary health care
  • social workers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Health Informatics

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