Using the social ecological model to identify drivers of nutrition risk in adult day settings serving east Asian older adults

Tina R. Sadarangani, Jordan J. Johnson, Stella K. Chong, Abraham Brody, Chau Trinh-Shevrin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Adult day care (ADC) centers provide community-based care (including meals) to frail, ethnically diverse older adults, many of whom are at risk for malnutrition. To support the development of interventions to benefit ADC users, the authors aimed to identify barriers and facilitators of healthy nutrition among ADC users born in Vietnam and China. Semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted among ADC stakeholders to identify barriers and facilitators. Data were analyzed using Braun and Clarke’s six-step method and organized within the framework of the Social Ecological Model. Facilitators of good nutrition included adherence to traditional diet at the ADC center, peer networks, and access to ethnic grocers. Poor health, family dynamics, and loneliness all contributed to poor nutrition, as did the restrictive nature of nutrition programs serving ADC users in the United States. Individual, relationship, organizational, community, and policy level factors play a role in ADC users’ nutritional status. Targeted nutrition interventions should leverage culturally congruent relationships between ADC users and staff and include advocacy for enhancement of federal programs to support this population. [Research in Gerontological Nursing, 13(3), 146-157.].

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)146-157
Number of pages12
JournalResearch in Gerontological Nursing
Volume13
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)
  • Gerontology
  • Health Policy
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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