Utilizing micro-computed tomography to evaluate bone structure surrounding dental implants: A comparison with histomorphometry

Stefan Vandeweghe, Paulo G. Coelho, Christian Vanhove, Ann Wennerberg, Ryo Jimbo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Although histology has proven to be a reliable method to evaluate the ossoeintegration of a dental implant, it is costly, time consuming, destructive, and limited to one or few sections. Microcomputed tomography (μCT) is fast and delivers three-dimensional information, but this technique has not been widely used and validated for histomorphometric parameters yet. This study compared μCT and histomorphometry by means of evaluating their accuracy in determining the bone response to two different implant materials. In total, 32 titanium (Ti) and 16 hydroxyapatite (HA) implants were installed in 16 lop-eared rabbits. After 2 and 4 weeks, the animals were scarified, and the samples retrieved. After embedding, the samples were scanned with μCT and analyzed three-dimensionally for bone area (BA) and bone-implant contact (BIC). Thereafter, all samples were sectioned and stained for histomorphometry. For the Ti implants, the mean BIC was 25.25 and 28.86% after 2 and 4 weeks, respectively, when measured by histomorphometry, while it was 24.11 and 24.53% when measured with μCT. BA was 35.4 and 31.97% after 2 and 4 weeks for histomorphometry and 29.06 and 27.65% for μCT. For the HA implants, the mean BIC was 28.49 and 42.51% after 2 and 4 weeks, respectively, when measured by histomorphometry, while it was 33.74 and 42.19% when measured with μCT. BA was 30.59 and 47.17% after 2 and 4 weeks for histomorphometry and 37.16 and 44.95% for μCT. Direct comparison showed that only the 2 weeks BA for the titanium implants was significantly different between μCT and histology (p = 0.008). Although the technique has its limitations, μCT corresponded well with histomorphometry and should be considered as a tool to evaluate bone structure around implants. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part B: Appl Biomater 101B: 1259-1266, 2013.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1259-1266
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part B Applied Biomaterials
Volume101
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2013

Keywords

  • bone-implant contact
  • dental implants
  • histomorphometry
  • micro-CT
  • osseointegration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering

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