Validating inversions for toroidal flows using normal-mode coupling

Prasad Mani, Shravan Hanasoge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Normal-mode coupling is a helioseismic technique that uses measurements of mode eigenfunctions to infer interior structure of the Sun. This technique has led to insights into the evolution and structure of toroidal flows in the solar interior. Here, we validate an inversion algorithm for normal-mode coupling by generating synthetic seismic measurements associated with input flows and comparing the input and inverted velocities. We study four different cases of input toroidal flows and compute synthetics that take into account the partial visibility of the Sun. We invert the synthetics using Subtractive Optimally Localized Averages and also try to mitigate the systematics of mode leakage. We demonstrate that, ultimately, inversions are only as good as the model we assume for the correlation between flow velocities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberabb133
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2
StatePublished - Oct 1 2020


  • Helioseismology (709)
  • Solar interior (1500)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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