Variation in U.S. traffic safety policy environments and motor vehicle fatalities 1980-2010

D. Silver, J. Macinko, J. Y. Bae, G. Jimenez, M. Paul

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To examine the impact of variation in state laws governing traffic safety on motor vehicle fatalities. Study design: Repeated cross sectional time series design. Methods: Fixed effects regression models estimate the relationship between state motor vehicle fatality rates and the strength of the state law environment for 50 states, 1980-2010. The strength of the state policy environment is measured by calculating the proportion of a set of 27 evidence-based laws in place each year. The effect of alcohol consumption on motor vehicle fatalities is estimated using a subset of alcohol laws as instrumental variables. Results: Once other risk factors are controlled in statistical models, states with stronger regulation of safer driving and driver/passenger protections had significantly lower motor vehicle fatality rates for all ages. Alcohol consumption was strongly associated with higher MVC death rates, as were state unemployment rates. Conclusions: Encouraging laggard states to adopt the full range of available laws could significantly reduce preventable traffic-related deaths in the U.S. - especially those among younger individuals. Estimating the relationship between different policy environments and health outcomes can quantify the result of policy gaps.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1117-1125
Number of pages9
JournalPublic Health
Volume127
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2013

Keywords

  • Alcohol policies
  • Traffic fatalities
  • Traffic polices

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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