Vector approximate message passing

Sundeep Rangan, Philip Schniter, Alyson K. Fletcher

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


The standard linear regression (SLR) problem is to recover a vector x0 from noisy linear observations y = Ax0 + w. The approximate message passing (AMP) algorithm recently proposed by Donoho, Maleki, and Montanari is a computationally efficient iterative approach to SLR that has a remarkable property: for large i.i.d. sub-Gaussian matrices A, its periteration behavior is rigorously characterized by a scalar stateevolution whose fixed points, when unique, are Bayes optimal. AMP, however, is fragile in that even small deviations from the i.i.d. sub-Gaussian model can cause the algorithm to diverge. This paper considers a 'vector AMP' (VAMP) algorithm and shows that VAMP has a rigorous scalar state-evolution that holds under a much broader class of large random matrices A: those that are right-rotationally invariant. After performing an initial singular value decomposition (SVD) of A, the per-iteration complexity of VAMP is similar to that of AMP. In addition, the fixed points of VAMP's state evolution are consistent with the replica prediction of the minimum mean-squared error recently derived by Tulino, Caire, Verdú, and Shamai.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2017 IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory, ISIT 2017
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9781509040964
StatePublished - Aug 9 2017
Event2017 IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory, ISIT 2017 - Aachen, Germany
Duration: Jun 25 2017Jun 30 2017

Publication series

NameIEEE International Symposium on Information Theory - Proceedings
ISSN (Print)2157-8095


Other2017 IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory, ISIT 2017


  • Belief propagation
  • Compressive sensing
  • Inference algorithms
  • Message passing
  • Random matrices

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Information Systems
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Applied Mathematics


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