Vectorization of line drawing image based on junction analysis

Jia Zhou Chen, Qi Lei, Yong Wei Miao, Qun Sheng Peng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Converting a scanned or shot line drawing image into a vector graph can facilitate further editand reuse, making it a hot research topic in computer animation and image processing. Besides avoiding noiseinfluence, its main challenge is to preserve the topological structures of the original line drawings, such as linejunctions, in the procedure of obtaining a smooth vector graph from a rough line drawing. In this paper, wepropose a vectorization method of line drawings based on junction analysis, which retains the original structureunlike done by existing methods. We first combine central line tracking and contour tracking, which allowsus to detect the encounter of line junctions when tracing a single path. Then, a junction analysis approachbased on intensity polar mapping is proposed to compute the number and orientations of junction branches.Finally, we make use of bending degrees of contour paths to compute the smoothness between adjacent branches,which allows us to obtain the topological structures corresponding to the respective ones in the input image.We also introduce a correction mechanism for line tracking based on a quadratic surface fitting, which avoidsaccumulating errors of traditional line tracking and improves the robustness for vectorizing rough line drawings.We demonstrate the validity of our method through comparisons with existing methods, and a large amount ofexperiments on both professional and amateurish line drawing images.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalScience China Information Sciences
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 1 2015


  • junction analysis
  • line drawing
  • line tracking
  • vector graph
  • vectorization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Computer Science


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