## Abstract

Given a capacitated graph G = (V,E ) and a set of terminals K ? V , how should we produce a graph H only on the terminals K so that every (multicommodity) flow between the terminals in G could be supported in H with low congestion, and vice versa? (Such a graph H is called a flow sparsifier for G .) What if we want H to be a "simple" graph? What if we allow H to be a convex combination of simple graphs? Improving on results of Moitra [Proceedings of the 50th IEEE Symposium on Foundations of Computer Science , IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos, CA, 2009, pp. 3-12] and Leighton and Moitra [Proceedings of the 42nd ACM Symposium on Theory of Computing, ACM, New York, 2010, pp. 47-56], we give efficient algorithms for constructing (a) a flow sparsifier H that maintains congestion up to a factor of O ( log k log log k ), where k = | K |; (b) a convex combination of trees over the terminals K that maintains congestion up to a factor of O (log k ); (c) for a planar graph G, a convex combination of planar graphs that maintains congestion up to a constant factor. This requires us to give a new algorithm for the 0-extension problem, the first one in which the preimages of each terminal are connected in G. Moreover, this result extends to minor-closed families of graphs. Our bounds immediately imply improved approximation guarantees for several terminal-based cut and ordering problems.[[amp]]copy;2014 SIAM. Published by SIAM under the terms.

Original language | English (US) |
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Pages (from-to) | 1239-1262 |

Number of pages | 24 |

Journal | SIAM Journal on Computing |

Volume | 43 |

Issue number | 4 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 2014 |

## Keywords

- 0-extensions
- Approximation algorithms
- Flow sparsifier
- Graph minors
- Metric decomposition
- Multicommodity flow
- Planar graphs
- Vertex sparsifier

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- General Computer Science
- General Mathematics