Vertical Architecture Solution-Processed Quantum Dot Photodetectors with Amorphous Selenium Hole Transport Layer

Atreyo Mukherjee, Haripriya Kannan, Le Thanh Triet Ho, Zhihang Han, Jann Stavro, Adrian Howansky, Neha Nooman, Kim Kisslinger, Sébastien Léveillé, Orhan Kizilkaya, Xiangyu Liu, Håvard Mølnås, Shlok Joseph Paul, Dong Hyun Sung, Elisa Riedo, Abdul Rumaiz, Dragica Vasileska, Wei Zhao, Ayaskanta Sahu, Amir H. Goldan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Colloidal quantum dots (CQDs) provide wide spectral tunability and high absorption coefficients owing to quantum confinement and large oscillator strengths, which along with solution processability, allow a facile, low-cost, and room-temperature deposition technique for the fabrication of photonic devices. However, many solution-processed CQD photodetector devices demonstrate low specific-detectivity and slow temporal response. To achieve improved photodetector characteristics, limiting carrier recombination and enhancing photogenerated carrier separation are crucial. In this study, we develop and present an alternate vertical-stack photodetector wherein we use a solution-processed quantum dot photoconversion layer coupled to an amorphous selenium (a-Se) wide-bandgap charge transport layer that is capable of exhibiting single-carrier hole impact ionization and is compatible with active-matrix readout circuitry. This a-Se chalcogenide transport layer enables the fabrication of high-performance and reliable solution-processed quantum dot photodetectors, with enhanced charge extraction capabilities, high specific detectivity (D* ∼ 0.5-5 × 1012 Jones), fast 3 dB electrical bandwidth (3 dB BW ∼ 22 MHz), low dark current density (JD ∼ 5-10 pA/cm2), low noise current (in ∼ 20-25 fW/Hz1/2), and high linear dynamic range (LDR ∼ 130-150 dB) across the measured visible electromagnetic spectrum (∼405-656 nm).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)134-146
Number of pages13
JournalACS Photonics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 18 2023


  • amorphous hole transport layer
  • avalanche photodiodes
  • avalanche transport layer
  • cadmium selenide quantum dots
  • colloidal quantum dot photodetectors
  • vertical-stack photodetectors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biotechnology
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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