Vestibulo-Ocular Reflex

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

To maintain a clear and stable view of the environment during head movement, we rotate our eyes in a direction that is opposite to the retinal image motion using both vestibularly and visually driven reflexes. The vestibulo-ocular reflexes are driven by signals from the vestibular labyrinths and use subcortical, short-latency pathways from the vestibular afferents to the extraocular motor neurons. The relatively simple neural architecture of these reflexive responses, coupled with their stereotyped but highly adaptable properties, make them ideal to understand simple sensorimotor transformations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Neuroscience
PublisherElsevier Ltd
Pages139-146
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)9780080450469
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009

Keywords

  • Angular vestibulo-ocular reflex
  • Extraocular motor neuron
  • Eye position
  • Gaze stabilization
  • Linear vestibulo-ocular reflex
  • Neural integrator
  • Nystagmus
  • Optic flow
  • Otolith organs
  • Semicircular canals
  • Vestibular nuclei
  • Vestibulo-cerebellum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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