Viewing 21st Century Motherhood Through a Work-Family Lens

Kathleen Gerson

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    Abstract

    A demographic and social revolution has propelled most mothers and would-be mothers to join the paid labor force and establish committed work ties over the course of their lives. This irrefutable social shift has transformed the experience of motherhood and undermined mid-20th century assumptions that home and work are inherently separate, gendered spheres. Despite these vast social changes-or perhaps because of them the idea of a "working mother" remains highly contested. Work and family remain the two most prominent axes on which women's lives are structured, and equally clearly, they continue to be viewed as "oppositional" domains. Through a review of the burgeoning scholarship on motherhood, it considers how a work-family framework can expand our understanding of contemporary mothering and help explain and potentially resolve the contradictions in women's lives. This chapter examines contemporary variations in motherhood, with an eye to disentangling prevailing myths about past patterns from genuinely new developments. It considers some of the persisting theoretical debates about the nature, causes, and consequences of mothering practices and beliefs, asking how these debates frame our current understanding of contemporary motherhood. The gendered and cultural role of mothers and what it means to engage in "mothering," and caring are still often seen to be in direct conflict with earning. That women are penalized on the work and earning front for engaging in care work, and they are criticized for their care work when devoting too much time to work.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Title of host publicationHandbook of Work-Family Integration
    PublisherElsevier Inc.
    Pages233-248
    Number of pages16
    ISBN (Print)9780123725745
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 2008

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Neuroscience(all)

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  • Cite this

    Gerson, K. (2008). Viewing 21st Century Motherhood Through a Work-Family Lens. In Handbook of Work-Family Integration (pp. 233-248). Elsevier Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-012372574-5.50016-8