Violence and Neighborhood Disadvantage after the Crime Decline

Michael Friedson, Patrick Sharkey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Violent crime is known to be concentrated in the same urban neighborhoods as poverty and other forms of disadvantage. While U.S. violent crime has declined at an unprecedented rate over the past two decades, little is known about the spatial distribution of this decline within cities. Using longitudinal neighborhood crime data from six U.S. cities during the national crime decline, this article examines changes in (1) crime rates of neighborhoods grouped by their initial crime levels, poverty rates, and racial/ethnic makeups; (2) the neighborhood exposure to violence of urban residents classified by race/ethnicity and poverty status; and (3) the relative distribution of violent crime across urban neighborhoods. We find that crime levels declined the most in the initially most violent and disadvantaged neighborhoods and that exposure to violence fell the most among disadvantaged urban residents. Nonetheless, crime remained concentrated in cities’ initially most violent and disadvantaged locales.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)341-358
Number of pages18
JournalAnnals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
Volume660
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 12 2015

Keywords

  • concentrated disadvantage
  • crime decline
  • neighborhood change
  • urban inequality
  • violent crime

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Social Sciences(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Violence and Neighborhood Disadvantage after the Crime Decline'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this