Viscoelastic fluid response can increase the speed and efficiency of a free swimmer

Joseph Teran, Lisa Fauci, Michael Shelley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Microorganisms navigate through complex environments such as biofilms and mucosal tissues and tracts. To understand the effect of a complex medium upon their locomotion, we investigate numerically the effect of fluid viscoelasticity on the dynamics of an undulating swimming sheet. First, we recover recent small-amplitude results for infinite sheets that suggest that viscoelasticity impedes locomotion. We find the opposite result when simulating free swimmers with large tail undulations, with both velocity and mechanical efficiency peaking for Deborah numbers near one. We associate this with regions of highly stressed fluid aft of the undulating tail.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number038101
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume104
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 19 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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