Viscoelastic properties of hollow glass particle filled vinyl ester matrix syntactic foams: Effect of temperature and loading frequency

Vasanth Chakravarthy Shunmugasamy, Dinesh Pinisetty, Nikhil Gupta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Viscoelastic properties of hollow particle-reinforced composites called syntactic foams are studied using a dynamic mechanical analyzer. Glass hollow particles of three different wall thicknesses are incorporated in the volume fraction range of 0.3-0.6 in vinyl ester resin matrix to fabricate twelve compositions of syntactic foams. Storage modulus, loss modulus, and glass transition temperature are measured and related to the microstructural parameters of syntactic foams. In the first step, a temperature sweep from -75 to 195 C is applied at a fixed loading frequency of 1 Hz to obtain temperature dependent properties of syntactic foams. In the next step, selected four compositions of syntactic foams are studied for combined effect of temperature and loading frequency. A frequency sweep is applied in the range 1-100 Hz and the temperature is varied in the range 30-140 C. Time-temperature superposition (TTS) principle is used to generate master curves for storage modulus over a wide frequency range. The room temperature loss modulus and maximum damping parameter, Tanδ, are found to have a linear relationship with the syntactic foam density. Increasing volume fraction of particles helps in improving the retention of storage modulus at high temperature in syntactic foams. Cole-Cole plot and William-Landel-Ferry equation are used to interpret the trends obtained from TTS. The correlations developed between the viscoelastic properties and material parameters help in tailoring the properties of syntactic foams as per requirements of an application.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1685-1701
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Materials Science
Issue number4
StatePublished - Feb 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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