Visual attention: The past 25 years

Marisa Carrasco

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


This review focuses on covert attention and how it alters early vision. I explain why attention is considered a selective process, the constructs of covert attention, spatial endogenous and exogenous attention, and feature-based attention. I explain how in the last 25. years research on attention has characterized the effects of covert attention on spatial filters and how attention influences the selection of stimuli of interest. This review includes the effects of spatial attention on discriminability and appearance in tasks mediated by contrast sensitivity and spatial resolution; the effects of feature-based attention on basic visual processes, and a comparison of the effects of spatial and feature-based attention. The emphasis of this review is on psychophysical studies, but relevant electrophysiological and neuroimaging studies and models regarding how and where neuronal responses are modulated are also discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1484-1525
Number of pages42
JournalVision research
Issue number13
StatePublished - Jul 1 2011


  • Appearance
  • Attention models
  • Contrast sensitivity
  • Covert attention
  • Endogenous attention
  • Exogenous attention
  • Feature-based attention
  • Neurophysiology of attention
  • Performance
  • Psychophysics
  • Spatial attention
  • Spatial resolution
  • Sustained attention
  • Transient attention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems


Dive into the research topics of 'Visual attention: The past 25 years'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this