We report accurate quantum three-dimensional calculations of highly excited intermolecular vibrational states of the van der Waals (vdW) complexes tetracene·He and pentacene·He in the S1 excited electronic state. The aromatic molecules were taken to be rigid and the intermolecular potential energy surfaces (IPESs) were modeled as a sum of atom-atom Lennard-Jones pair potentials. The IPESs are corrugated in the direction of the long (x) axis of the aromatic molecules, due to the presence of the symmetrically equivalent global double minimum for tetracene·He, and a triple minimum (central global minimum and two equivalent local minima) for pentacene·He, on each side of the aromatic plane. Both IPESs have two additional minor equivalent local minima further away from the center of the molecule. The vdW vibrational states analyzed in this work cover about 80% of the well depths of the IPESs. The mode coupling is generally weak for those states whose out-of-plane (z) mode is unexcited. However, the z-mode fundamental is strongly coupled to the short-axis (y) in-plane mode, so that the pure z-mode excitation could not be identified. The He atom exhibits large in-plane spatial delocalizaton already in the ground vdW vibrational state, which increases rapidly upon the excitation of the in-plane x and y modes, with little hindrance by the corrugation of the aromatic microsurfaces. For the vdW vibrational energies considered, the He atom spatial derealization reaches Δx and Δy values of ∼5 and 4 Å, respectively, and is limited only by the finite size of the aromatic substrates. Side-crossing delocalization of the wave functions on both sides of the molecular plane is found at excitation energies >30 cm-1, giving rise to the energy splittings of the pairs of states symmetric/antisymmetric with respect to the aromatic plane; the splittings show strong vdW vibrational mode specificity.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry