WE43 and WE43-T5 Mg alloys screws tested in-vitro cellular adhesion and differentiation assay and in-vivo histomorphologic analysis in an ovine model

Andrea Torroni, Lukasz Witek, Hayat Pelin Fahliogullari, Joao Paulo Bortoli, Amel Ibrahim, Jacques Hacquebord, Nikhil Gupta, Paulo Coelho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

WE43 Mg alloy proved to be an ideal candidate for production of resorbable implants in both clinical and trial settings. In previous studies we tested biocompatibility and degradation properties of WE43 (as-cast) and artificially aged (WE43-T5) Mg alloys in a sheep model. Both alloys showed excellent biocompatibility with the as-cast, WE43, form showing increased degradability compared to the artificially aged, WE43-T5. In the present study, our group assessed the biological behavior and degradation pattern of the same alloys when implanted as endosteal implants in a sheep model. Twelve screws (3x15 mm) were evaluated, one screw per each composition was placed bi-cortically in the mandible of each animal with a titanium (2x12 mm) screw serving as an internal positive control. At 6 and 24 weeks histomorphological analysis was performed, at 6 weeks as cast, WE43, yielded a higher degradation rate, increased bone remodeling and osteolysis compared to the WE43-T5 alloy; however, at 24 weeks WE43-T5 showed higher degradation rate and increased bone remodeling than as-cast. In vitro assay of cell growth, adhesion and differentiation was also conducted to investigate possible mechanisms underlying the behavior expressed from the alloys in vivo. In conclusion WE43-T5 indicated bone/implant interaction properties that makes it more suitable for fabrication of endosteal bone screws.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Biomaterials Applications
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • Magnesium alloys
  • animal model
  • biocompatibility
  • degradation
  • implant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering

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