Wealth taxation in the United States

Edward N. Wolff

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    The paper analyzes the fiscal effects of a Swiss-type tax on household wealth, with a $120,000 exemption and marginal tax rates running from 0.05 to 0.3 percent on $2.4 million or more of wealth. It also considers a wealth tax proposed by Senator Elizabeth Warren with a $50 million exemption, a 2 percent tax on wealth above that and a 1 percent surcharge on wealth above $1 billion. Based on the 2016 Survey of Consumer Finances, the Swiss tax would yield $189.3 billion and the Warren tax $303.4 billion. Only 0.07 percent of households would pay the Warren tax, compared to 44.3 percent for the Swiss tax. The Swiss tax would have a very small effect on income inequality, lowering the post-tax Gini coefficient by 0.004 Gini points. The effect of the Swiss tax and Warren tax on wealth inequality is miniscule, lowering the Gini coefficient by at most 0.0005 Gini points.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)153-178
    Number of pages26
    JournalPublic Sector Economics
    Volume44
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 2020

    Keywords

    • Household wealth
    • Income inequality
    • United States
    • Wealth inequality
    • Wealth taxation

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Finance
    • Economics and Econometrics

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