Wear response of walnut-shell-reinforced epoxy composites

M. Doddamani, G. Parande, V. Manakari, I. G. Siddhalingeshwar, V. N. Gaitonde, N. Gupta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Present work utilizes agricultural by-product, walnut shell, as reinforcing filler in epoxy matrix for investigating dry sliding wear behavior using a pin-on disc wear-testing machine. Effects of sliding velocity (0.5-1.5 m/s), normal load (10-50 N), sliding distance (1000-3000 m) and filler content (10-30 wt. %) on wear rate (Wt), specific wear rate (Ws) and coefficient of friction (μ) are investigated. The experiments were planned as per design of the experiments scheme and the wear characteristics were analyzed through response surface modeling (RSM) method. The lowest Wt of 1.1 mm3/km was noted for 1.5 m/s sliding velocity with 30-wt. % filler content. Sliding distance did not have a significant influence on Ws above a critical load of 40 N. The minimum μ was observed at 1-m/s sliding velocity, 40-N load, 1000-m sliding distance, and 30-wt. % filler. Lower values of Wt and μ at higher walnut-shell loadings support feasibility of using such composites in wear-prone applications. The wear mechanism was determined in the composites using extensive scanning electron microscopic observations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)55-79
Number of pages25
JournalMaterials Performance and Characterization
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2017


  • Design of experiments
  • Friction
  • Response surface methodology
  • Walnut shell
  • Wear

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys


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