Weighted linear cue combination with possibly correlated error

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We test hypotheses concerning human cue combination in a slant estimation task. Observers repeatedly adjusted the slant of a plane to 75°. Feedback was provided after each setting and the observers trained extensively until their setting error stabilized. The slant of the plane was defined by either linear perspective alone (a grid of lines) or texture gradient alone (diamond-shaped texture elements) or the two cues together. We chose a High and Low variance version of each cue type and measured setting variability in four single-cue conditions (Low, High for each cue) and in the four possible combined-cue conditions (Low-Low, Low-High, etc.). We compared performance in the combined-cue conditions to predictions based on single-cue performance. The results were consistent with a linear combination of estimates from cues. Six out of eight observers did better with combined cues than with either cue alone. For three observers, performance was consistent with optimal combination of uncorrelated cues. Three other observers' results were also consistent with optimal combination, but with the assumption that internal cue estimates were correlated. The remaining two observers were consistent with sub-optimal cue combination.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2451-2468
Number of pages18
JournalVision research
Issue number23
StatePublished - Oct 2003


  • Correlated cues
  • Cue combination
  • Pictorial depth cues
  • Slant perception

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems


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