Welfare, Liberty, and Security for All? U.S. Sex Education Policy and the 1996 Title V Section 510 of the Social Security Act

Justin E. Lerner, Robert L. Hawkins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

When adolescents delay (meaning they wait until after middle school) engaging in sexual intercourse, they use condoms at higher rates and have fewer sexual partners than those who have sex earlier, thus resulting in a lower risk for unintended pregnancies and sexually transmitted infections. The 1996 Section 510 of Title V of the Social Security Act (often referred to as A–H) is a policy that promotes abstinence-only-until-marriage education (AOE) within public schools. Using Stone’s (2012) policy analysis framework, this article explores how A–H limits welfare, liberty, and security among adolescents due to the poor empirical outcomes of AOE policy. We recommend incorporating theory-informed comprehensive sex education in addition to theory-informed abstinence education that utilizes Fishbein and Ajzen’s (2010) reasoned action model within schools in order to begin to address adolescent welfare, liberty, and security.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1027-1038
Number of pages12
JournalArchives of Sexual Behavior
Volume45
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2016

Keywords

  • Reasoned action model
  • Sex education
  • Title V Section 510 of the Social Security Act

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Psychology(all)

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