An important problem in gas and fluid dynamics is to understand the behavior of vacuum states, namely the behavior of the system in the presence of a vacuum. In particular, physical vacuum, in which the boundary moves with a nontrivial finite normal acceleration, naturally arises in the study of the motion of gaseous stars or shallow water. Despite its importance, there are only a few mathematical results available near a vacuum. The main difficulty lies in the fact that the physical systems become degenerate along the vacuum boundary. In this paper, we establish the local-in-time well-posedness of three-dimensional compressible Euler equations for polytropic gases with a physical vacuum by considering the problem as a free boundary problem.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Mathematics