What Constitutes a New Nonprofit? Investigating Nonprofit Organizational Founding Dates

Jamie Levine Daniel, Fredrik O. Andersson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The question of when a new nonprofit is founded has not been pursued with sufficient precision. Specifically, a fundamental challenge facing any nonprofit researcher planning to detect, isolate, and analyze new nonprofits is that nonprofit founding is a process, not a discrete event. This study uses administrative data that includes three different founding indicators from more than 4,000 arts organizations, supplemented with survey data from 242 organizations, to illustrate some of the problems inherent in treating the founding process as one discrete event. It also elevates the voices of founders to demonstrate their conceptualization of the concept and offer insights into the multidimensionality of founding.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)45-57
Number of pages13
JournalCanadian Journal of Nonprofit and Social Economy Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - Dec 31 2021


  • Entrepreneurship
  • Founding
  • Nonprofit
  • Organization life cycle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science


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