Where do psychologists turn to inform clinical decisions? Audience segmentation to guide dissemination strategies

Nayoung Kwon, Rebecca E. Stewart, Xi Wang, Jacob S. Marzalik, Lynn F. Bufka, Raquel W. Halfond, Jonathan Purtle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Audience segmentation is an analysis technique that can identify meaningful subgroups within a population to inform the tailoring of dissemination strategies. We have conducted an empirical clustering audience segmentation study of licensed psychologists using survey data about the sources of knowledge they report most often consulting to guide their clinical decision-making. We identify meaningful subgroups within the population and inform the tailoring of dissemination strategies for evidence-based practice (EBP) materials. Method: Data come from a 2018–2019 web-based survey of licensed psychologists who were members of the American Psychological Association (APA; N = 518, response rate = 29.8%). Ten dichotomous variables assessed sources that psychologists regularly consult to inform clinical decision-making (e.g., colleagues, academic literature, and practice guidelines). We used latent class analysis to identify segments of psychologists who turn to similar sources and named each segment based on the segment's most salient characteristics. Results: Four audience segments were identified: the No-guidelines (45% of psychologists), Research-driven (16%), Thirsty-for-knowledge (9%), and No-reviews (30%). The four segments differed not only in their preferred sources of knowledge, but also in the types of evidence-based posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) treatments they provide, their awareness and usage intention of the APA PTSD clinical practice guideline, and attitudes toward clinical practice guidelines. Conclusion: The results demonstrate that licensed psychologists are heterogeneous in terms of their knowledge-seeking behaviors and preferences for knowledge sources. The distinctive characteristics of these segments could guide the tailoring of dissemination materials and strategies to subsequently enhance the implementation of EBP among psychologists.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalImplementation Research and Practice
StatePublished - Jan 1 2023


  • audience segmentation
  • dissemination research
  • evidence-based
  • health care provider
  • latent class analysis
  • mental health workforce
  • practice guidelines

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry
  • Neurology


Dive into the research topics of 'Where do psychologists turn to inform clinical decisions? Audience segmentation to guide dissemination strategies'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this