Why do some firms go debt free?

Soku Byoun, Zhaoxia Xu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper examines debt-free firms. We find that favorable equity market valuation and borrowing constraints contribute to these firms' extreme debt conservatism. Small debt-free firms with little access to credit markets are seen to raise equity while paying high dividends. Large debt-free firms, generating more cash flows relative to their investment needs, often pay off their debt while paying high dividends. The results suggest that high dividends for small debt-free firms help them establish good reputations in equity markets, while high dividends for large debt-free firms reduce the agency costs of free cash flow.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-38
Number of pages38
JournalAsia-Pacific Journal of Financial Studies
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2013


  • Capital structure
  • Dividend policy
  • Zero debt

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Finance


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