WiLDNet: Design and implementation of high performance WiFi based long distance networks

Rabin Patra, Sergiu Nedevschi, Sonesh Surana, Anmol Sheth, Lakshminarayanan Subramanian, Eric Brewer

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

Abstract

WiFi-based Long Distance (WiLD) networks with links as long as 50-100 km have the potential to provide connectivity at substantially lower costs than traditional approaches. However, real-world deployments of such networks yield very poor end-to-end performance. First, the current 802.11 MAC protocol has fundamental shortcomings when used over long distances. Second, WiLD networks can exhibit high and variable loss characteristics, thereby severely limiting end-to-end throughput. This paper describes the design, implementation and evaluation of WiLDNet, a system that overcomes these two problems and provides enhanced end-to-end performance in WiLD networks. To address the protocol shortcomings, WiLDNet makes several essential changes to the 802.11 MAC protocol, but continues to exploit standard (low-cost) WiFi network cards. To better handle losses and improve link utilization, WiLDNet uses an adaptive loss-recovery mechanism using FEC and bulk acknowledgments. Based on a real-world deployment, WiLDNet provides a 2-5 fold improvement in TCP/UDP throughput (along with significantly reduced loss rates) in comparison to the best throughput achievable by conventional 802.11. WiLDNet can also be configured to adapt to a range of end-to-end performance requirements (bandwidth, delay, loss).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages87-100
Number of pages14
StatePublished - 2007
Event4th Symposium on Networked Systems Design and Implementation, NSDI 2007 - Cambridge, United States
Duration: Apr 11 2007Apr 13 2007

Conference

Conference4th Symposium on Networked Systems Design and Implementation, NSDI 2007
CountryUnited States
CityCambridge
Period4/11/074/13/07

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Computer Networks and Communications

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