Wintertime precipitation variability over the Arabian Peninsula and its relationship with ENSO in the CAM4 simulations

K. Niranjan Kumar, T. B.M.J. Ouarda, S. Sandeep, R. S. Ajayamohan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The climate variability on Earth is strongly influenced by the changes in the Sea Surface Temperature (SST) anomalies in the tropical oceans. More specifically, the inter-annual climate variability in the tropics as well as extra-tropical areas has large impact due to the anomalous SSTs in the tropical Pacific coupled with the El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) through atmospheric teleconnections. However, the effect of ENSO on Middle Eastern region, specifically the Arabian Peninsula (AP) is marginally explored in previous studies. Hence, this study explicitly focuses on the assessment of ENSO variability and its winter climate teleconnections to the AP using the Community Atmospheric Model Version 4.0 (CAM4) simulations and Reanalysis datasets. ENSO teleconnections are also evaluated based on two sensitivity experiments (ENSO-related and ENSO-unrelated) using the CAM4 model. It is observed that during El Niño years the peninsular region receives more rainfall through enhanced moisture transport associated with anomalous westerly winds from adjoining Seas. The Rossby wave energy propagation in the atmosphere underlies important teleconnections involving ENSO. It is also noticed that there exist a distinct change in the phase of the Rossby wave pattern during El Niño and La Niña years which further causes the shift in the position of the jet stream over the Middle East.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2443-2454
Number of pages12
JournalClimate Dynamics
Volume47
Issue number7-8
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2016

Keywords

  • CAM4
  • ENSO
  • Precipitation
  • Rossby waves
  • Teleconnections

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science

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