Previous research suggests that work experiences affect family interactions and family processes but does not adequately specify the job characteristics that influence such family‐level outcomes. This study examines relationships between the quality of marital interactions and a range of job characteristics including the level of enrichment provided by the job, job time demands, job pressure, schedule flexibility, and job insecurity. The sample consisted of 523 married full time employees at a major U.S. company. Multiple regression analysis indicated that these job characteristics significantly predict the quality of marital interactions. Some directly influenced the quality of marital interaction while the influence of others was moderated by the presence or absence of stressful household roles. Results suggest that characteristics workers' jobs, and not merely workers' reactions to them, are associated with family interactions and family processes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Psychology
- Sociology and Political Science
- Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management