Workforce issues in residential care facilities in rural China

Bei Wu, Francis G. Caro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study examined contemporary frontline workforce issues related to residential care for elders in rural China. Residential facilities in rural China are in transition from exclusively providing shelter to childless elders to providing long-term care for frail elders. These facilities are also under pressure to improve the quality of services that they provide. The study is based on in-depth interviews with administrators and field observations of facilities. The study focused on the following issues related to the workforce: recruitment and retention, training, work environment, workforce organization, regulations, compensation, and career ladders. The implications of resident characteristics for demands on the work force were examined. The study found that lack of skilled personnel is one of the major reasons that the overwhelming majority of facilities deny admission to frail and demented elders. Improving workers' skill is critical if these facilities are to meet the increasing demand for institutional long-term care needs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)227-242
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Housing for the Elderly
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2009


  • China workforce
  • Long-term care
  • Policy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gerontology
  • Public Administration
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies


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