Yoga Dark Energy: natural relaxation and other dark implications of a supersymmetric gravity sector

C. P. Burgess, Danielle Dineen, F. Quevedo

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We construct a class of 4D 'yoga' (naturally relaxed) models for which the gravitational response of heavy-particle vacuum energies is strongly suppressed. The models contain three ingredients: (i) a relaxation mechanism driven by a scalar field (the 'relaxon'), (ii) a very supersymmetric gravity sector coupled to the Standard Model in which supersymmetry is non-linearly realised, and (iii) an accidental approximate scale invariance expressed through the presence of a low-energy dilaton supermultiplet. All three are common in higher-dimensional and string constructions and although none suffices on its own, taken together they can dramatically suppress the net vacuum-energy density. The dilaton's vev τ determines the weak scale M W ∼M p/τ. We compute the potential for τ and find it can be stabilized in a local de Sitter minimum at sufficiently large field values to explain the size of the electroweak hierarchy, doing so using input parameters no larger than O(60) because the relevant part of the scalar potential arises as a rational function of lnτ. The de Sitter vacuum energy at the minimum is order c M 8W α 1/τ 4, with a coefficient c << o(M W-4). We discuss ways to achieve c ∼1/M p4 as required by observations. Scale invariance implies the dilaton couples to matter like a Brans-Dicke scalar with coupling large enough to be naively ruled out by solar-system tests of gravity. Yet because it comes paired with an axion it can evade fifth-force bounds through the novel screening mechanism described in arXiv:2110.10352. Cosmological axio-dilaton evolution predicts a natural quintessence model for Dark Energy, whose evolution might realize recent proposals to resolve the Hubble tension, and whose axion contributes to Dark Matter. We summarize inflationary implications and some remaining challenges, including the unusual supersymmetry breaking regime used and the potential for UV completions of our approach.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number064
JournalJournal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 2022


  • axions
  • dark energy theory
  • dark matter theory
  • supersymmetry and cosmology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics


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