Zirconia-reinforced lithium silicate crowns: Effect of thickness on survival and failure mode

Edmara T.P. Bergamo, Dimorvan Bordin, Ilana S. Ramalho, Adolfo C.O. Lopes, Rafael S. Gomes, Marina Kaizer, Lukasz Witek, Estevam A. Bonfante, Paulo G. Coelho, Altair A. Del Bel Cury

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: To evaluate the reliability and failure mode of zirconia-reinforced lithium silicate (ZLS) molar crowns of different thicknesses. Methods: Monolithic ZLS molar crowns (0.5 mm, 1.0 mm, and 1.5 mm thickness) were modeled and milled using a CAD/CAM system (n = 21/group). Crowns were cemented on dentin-like epoxy resin replicas with a resin cement. The specimens were subjected to single load-to-failure test for step-stress profiles designing. Mouth-motion step-stress accelerated-life test was performed under water by sliding an indenter 0.7 mm lingually down on the distobuccal cusp until specimen fracture or suspension. Use level probability Weibull curves and reliability were calculated and plotted. Polarized-light optical microscope and scanning electron microscope (SEM) were used to characterize fracture patterns. Results: Irrespective of crown thickness, beta (β) values were higher than 1 and fatigue accelerated failures. While 0.5 mm ZLS crowns exhibited a significant reduction in the probability of survival at 200 N, 300 N and 400 N mission loads (69%, 41% and 19%, respectively), no significant difference was observed between 1.0 mm and 1.5 mm crowns. Both thicknesses have maintained the survivability at approximately 90%. Failure primarily comprised bulk fracture where radial cracks originated from the cementation surface beneath the indenter loading trail and propagated towards the cervical margin. Significance: 1.5 mm- and 1.0 mm-thickness monolithic ZLS crowns presented higher probability of survival compared to 0.5 mm crowns. Bulk fracture was the chief failure mode, regardless of thickness.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1007-1016
Number of pages10
JournalDental Materials
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2019


  • Ceramic
  • Crowns
  • Fatigue
  • Zirconia-reinforced lithium silicate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • General Dentistry
  • Mechanics of Materials


Dive into the research topics of 'Zirconia-reinforced lithium silicate crowns: Effect of thickness on survival and failure mode'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this