Beyond spending levels: Revenue uncertainty and the performance of local governments

Stéphane Lavertu, Travis St Clair

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Revenue uncertainty is a common concern among public administrators, but little research examines its effects on service delivery. Using a novel empirical strategy to capture how revenues deviate from administrators’ expectations, we estimate the impact of revenue uncertainty on Ohio public school districts’ educational effectiveness. We find that errors in districts’ revenue forecasts can have a significant negative impact on student achievement, beyond what one would expect based on changes in spending levels. In particular, a one percentage point increase in error involving revenue shortfalls can lead to declines in student achievement growth of up to 0.02 standard deviations during the following school year, which equates to about 8 days’ worth of learning. These effects are concentrated in large, non-rural school districts with relatively low fund balances.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)59-80
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Urban Economics
StatePublished - Jul 2018


  • Revenue forecasting
  • Revenue uncertainty
  • Student achievement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Urban Studies


Dive into the research topics of 'Beyond spending levels: Revenue uncertainty and the performance of local governments'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this